This disorder, previously known as manic depressive disorder, affects 5.7 million adults and an unknown number of children and adolescents in the United States alone. Worldwide 60 million people are affected. It is a brain and behavior disorder characterized by severe shifts in a person’s mood and energy, making it difficult to function. It can show up in children, yet typically starts in late adolescence or early adulthood.
Symptoms of Mania can include:
- Increased energy, activity and restlessness
- Euphoric mood
- Extreme irritability
- Poor concentration
- Racing thoughts, fast talking, and jumping between ideas
- Sleeplessness, or significant decrease in need for sleep
- Heightened sense of self-importance; with denial anything is wrong
- Spending sprees or other impulsive, risky behavior
- Increased sexual behavior
- Abuse of alcohol and drugs
Then the mood shifts, and although it may be normal at times, Depressive Symptoms appear such as:
- Sad, anxious or empty feeling mood
- Hopelessness and pessimism
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness and helplessness
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
- Decreased energy and fatigue
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions
- Sleeplessness or Sleeping too much
- Changes in appetite and weight
- Bodily symptoms not caused by physical illness/injury
- Restlessness and irritability
- Possibly thoughts of death or suicide
There are different types of this disorder. It is treatable and manageable with therapy and medications.
The following are two types of treatment for Bipolar Disorder
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an individual therapy focused on the relationship between a person’s thoughts, feelings and behaviors. CBT teaches people to Identify negative assumptions and thinking patterns, and challenge themselves to rehearse more adaptive ways of thinking. CBT also helps monitor their activity levels to make sure they are engaged with rewarding aspects of their environment when depressed, and are not overly stretched when manic.
Dialectical behavior therapy is a skill-based approach. It teaches mindfulness and acceptance skills, such as the ability to experience moment-to-moment thoughts, emotions and their accompanying physical sensations from an observer’s stance, without negative judgment. It also teaches distress tolerance, emotion regulation and interpersonal effectiveness.
If you or someone you know think you may benefit from therapy for Bi-Polar Disorder, please contact us today.